Tanzania has become one of Africa's leading safari destinations, and for good reason. Tanzania can lay claim to many of the continent's top locations: boasting Africa’s highest mountain - the mighty Mount Kilimanjaro, the Serengeti plains hosting the world famous Great Migration, the renowned Ngorongoro Crater, the vast reserves of Ruaha, Selous & Katavi in the south, and just off-shore, the historic spice island of Zanzibar. This varied and beautiful nation was created when two states, Tanganyika and Zanzibar, unified and the country’s name reflects this merger.
Tanzania is more politically stable then most African countries (despite many different tribes and over 130 different languages being spoken there) due to the successful creation of an all-encompassing national identity in 1964 when the State of Tanzania was created under Julius Nyerere.
38% of Tanzania is set aside in protected areas for conservation and whilst the northern (and more easily accessible) National Parks like the Serengeti, Ngorongoro, Tarangire and Manyara are very busy, it is possible to get away from the crowds in the southern and western areas of the country. The Ruaha National Park, Selous Game Reserve, Katavi National Park and the Mahale Mountains also provide a game rich and very varied circuit away from other travelers.
For those wanting to combine a great ape experience or some tropical beach time with a typical safari, Tanzania has relatively affordable and quick scheduled flight access to Rwanda in the west for gorilla trekking, hosts excellent chimpanzee refuges on Lakes Tanganyika & Victoria, and has some excellent beaches, fishing, snorkeling & diving, and a rich cultural heritage on the islands of Zanzibar, Pemba & Mafia.